Question: What Happens When You Have Abnormal Cervical Cells?

Do they numb you for a cervical biopsy?

A cervical biopsy will cause mild discomfort but is usually not painful; you may feel some pressure or cramping.

Vaginal biopsy.

A biopsy of the lower portion of the vagina or the vulva can cause pain, so your doctor may administer a local anesthetic to numb the area..

Should I be worried about a colposcopy?

A colposcopy can also be used to find out the cause of problems such as unusual vaginal bleeding (for example, bleeding after sex). Try not to worry if you’ve been referred for a colposcopy. It’s very unlikely you have cancer and any abnormal cells will not get worse while you’re waiting for your appointment.

Should I be worried about an abnormal pap smear?

The fact is, an “abnormal” Pap result does not usually mean cancer, and HPV is exceptionally common to the point that almost all of us have been exposed to this virus and have had a transient infection. Since the vast majority of cervical cancers are caused by HPV, it is important to test for it regularly.

Is HPV a STD?

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). HPV is a different virus than HIV and HSV (herpes). 79 million Americans, most in their late teens and early 20s, are infected with HPV.

What if cervical biopsy is positive?

Results of a cervical biopsy A positive test means that cancer or precancerous cells have been found and treatment may be needed.

Do bad biopsy results take longer?

The time it takes to get results from a biopsy can vary. During a surgery, a pathologist may read a biopsy and report back to a surgeon in a few minutes. Final, highly accurate conclusions on biopsies often take a week or longer. You will probably follow up with your regular doctor to discuss the biopsy results.

What is the next step after an abnormal pap smear?

“I Received an Abnormal Pap Test. What’s Next?” Your next step is usually a minor procedure called a colposcopy. This procedure is a visual examination of the cervix using a low-powered microscope used to find and then biopsy abnormal areas in your cervix that may lead to cervical cancer.

Can cervical cancer be cured completely?

Cervical cancer is often curable if it’s diagnosed at an early stage. When cervical cancer is not curable, it’s often possible to slow its progression, prolong lifespan and relieve any associated symptoms, such as pain and vaginal bleeding. This is known as palliative care.

What was your first cervical cancer symptom?

The first identifiable symptoms of cervical cancer are likely to include: Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as after intercourse, between menstrual periods, or after menopause; menstrual periods may be heavier and last longer than normal. Pain during intercourse. Vaginal discharge and odor.

How long does it take for abnormal cervical cells to turn into cancer?

But if they aren’t treated, there is a chance that these abnormal changes may become cervical cancer. If left untreated, it may take 10 years or more for precancerous conditions of the cervix to turn into cervical cancer, but in rare cases this can happen in less time.

Why do I have abnormal cells on my cervix?

Most often, the abnormal test result means there have been cell changes caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). That’s the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI), and can be linked to cervical cancer. Changes to your cervical cells caused by HPV can be mild, moderate, or severe.

What happens if my cervical biopsy is abnormal?

After a biopsy, the tissue sample is examined under a microscope to look for changes or abnormalities such as cancer. If there are no abnormal cells, the result is reported as normal. An abnormal cervical biopsy means that there have been some changes to the cells in the cervix.

Can abnormal Pap smears mean infertility?

However, HPV shouldn’t affect your ability to conceive. Although you may have heard that HPV can lead to fertility problems, that’s generally not the case. Some strains of HPV can increase a woman’s risk of cervical cancer. Removing cancerous or precancerous cells from the cervix can, in turn, affect fertility.

How serious are precancerous cells?

“Precancer means there isn’t cancer there yet, but if you don’t monitor or do something about it, it may develop into cancer,” King said. These changes do not mean you’re on the brink of a serious illness. In fact, many women are told that they have precancerous cervical cells.

What happens if you test positive for HPV?

If you get a positive HPV test, your physician has detected one or more high risk strains of the virus on the Pap test of your cervix. If the virus stays with you for a long time, it can cause cell changes that can lead to several types of cancer.

How can I get rid of HPV fast?

TreatmentSalicylic acid. Over-the-counter treatments that contain salicylic acid work by removing layers of a wart a little at a time. … Imiquimod. This prescription cream might enhance your immune system’s ability to fight HPV. … Podofilox. … Trichloroacetic acid.

What happens if you have abnormal cells in your cervix?

If a colposcopy finds abnormal cells in your cervix, treatment to remove these cells may be recommended. There’s sometimes a risk these cells could become cancerous if left untreated. Removing them means they will not be able to turn into cancer.

How common are abnormal cells in cervix?

About 6 in every 10 people have abnormal cells in their cervix – known as cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN) or cervical glandular intra-epithelial neoplasia (CGIN). This is not cancer, but there’s a risk it could turn into cancer if untreated.

What stage of cervical cancer do symptoms show?

Early-stage cervical cancer generally produces no signs or symptoms. Signs and symptoms of more-advanced cervical cancer include: Vaginal bleeding after intercourse, between periods or after menopause. Watery, bloody vaginal discharge that may be heavy and have a foul odor.

Do abnormal cervical cells go away?

Most women who have abnormal cervical screening test results do not have cervical cancer. Most have early cell changes that can be monitored (since they often go away on their own) or treated early (to prevent problems later).

Can you still be sexually active with HPV?

HPV can be spread through intimate skin-to-skin contact. This means that using a condom may not protect against HPV in all cases. The only real way to keep you or your partner protected against an HPV infection is to abstain from sexual contact. That’s rarely ideal or even realistic in most relationships, though.