Quick Answer: What Is The Function Of Peritoneum?

What is the function of the peritoneum quizlet?

The peritoneum is a multilayered membrane that protects and holds the organs in place within the abdominal cavity.

A membrane is a thin layer of tissue that covers a surface, lines a cavity, or divides a space or organ..

What is the peritoneum?

Your peritoneum is the tissue that lines your abdominal wall and covers most of the organs in your abdomen. A liquid, peritoneal fluid, lubricates the surface of this tissue. Disorders of the peritoneum are not common.

What organs are found in the peritoneum?

The peritoneal cavity (abdominal cavity or coelum) contains, largely, the visceral organs including the liver, stomach, small and large intestines, and associated smaller organs. In women, the uterus, Fallopian tubes, and ovaries also protrude into the peritoneal cavity.

Is an inflammation of the peritoneum?

Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneum — a silk-like membrane that lines your inner abdominal wall and covers the organs within your abdomen — that is usually due to a bacterial or fungal infection.

What are the two active chemicals found in gastric juice?

gastric juice Fluid comprising a mixture of substances, including pepsin and hydrochloric acid, secreted by glands of the stomach. Its principal function is to break down proteins into polypeptides during digestion.

How does peritoneum heal?

(C) Healing of the peritoneum occurs primarily by re-epithelialization of the damaged site. New mesothelial cells are attracted to the site of injury by chemotactic messengers released by platelets, blood clots, or leukocytes within the injured tissue. At this point, healing of the peritoneum differs from that of skin.

What is the difference between omentum and peritoneum?

The visceral peritoneum covering the stomach extends on both sides into large, double-layered sheets that are filled with prominent patches of fat, giving it a lace-like appearance. The lesser omentum arises from the lesser curvature of the stomach and extends to the liver.

What does the peritoneum cover?

The peritoneum is a continuous membrane which lines the abdominal cavity and covers the abdominal organs (abdominal viscera).

What are the 5 major peritoneal folds?

There are five major peritoneal folds:- the greater omentum, falciform ligament, lesser omentum, mesentery, and mesocolon.

Can peritoneal metastases be cured?

Background and objectives: Low-grade malignant tumors arise in the abdomen, do not infiltrate, and “redistribute” on the peritoneum with no extraregional spreading. In these cases, aggressive surgery combined with localized chemotherapy may provide cure.

What is a peritoneal reflection?

Abstract. The peritoneal cavity is the largest lumen in the body. It is lined by a serosal layer which reflects at multiple specific sites to constitute mesenteries and ligaments, extending to support and ensheath parenchymal organs and bowel.

Where does peritoneal fluid come from?

A liquid that is made in the abdominal cavity to lubricate the surface of the tissue that lines the abdominal wall and pelvic cavity and covers most of the organs in the abdomen.